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Thursday, March 23, 2023

Sweden Turbocharges Its AI Engine, Berzelius

Sweden is outfitting its AI supercomputer for a journey to the reducing fringe of machine studying, robotics and healthcare.

It couldn’t ask for a greater information than Anders Ynnerman (above). His signature blue go well with, black spectacles and mild voice act as calm camouflage for a pioneering spirit.

Early on, he confirmed a deep curiosity in area, however his profession took a special course. He established the nation’s first community of supercomputing facilities and went on to pioneer scientific visualization applied sciences utilized in hospitals and museums world wide.

Right this moment, he leads Sweden’s largest analysis effort, WASP — the Wallenberg Synthetic Intelligence, Autonomous Methods and Software program Program — targeted on AI innovation.

The Massive Image

“This can be a 12 months when individuals are turning their focus to sustainability challenges we face as a planet,” stated the Linköping College professor. “With out advances in AI and different improvements, we received’t have a sustainable future.”

To supercharge environmental efforts and extra, Sweden will improve its Berzelius supercomputer. Based mostly on the NVIDIA DGX SuperPOD, it should ship almost half an exaflop of AI efficiency, putting it among the many world’s 100 quickest AI supercomputers.

“A machine like Berzelius is key not just for the outcomes it delivers, however the way in which it catalyzes experience in Sweden,” he stated. “We’re a knowledge-driven nation, so our researchers and corporations want entry to the most recent know-how to compete.”

AI Learns Swedish

In June, the system skilled GPT-SW3, a household of huge language fashions able to drafting a speech or answering questions in Swedish.

Right this moment, a extra highly effective model sports activities 20 billion parameters, a preferred measure of a neural community’s smarts. It could possibly assist builders write software program and deal with different advanced duties.

Long run, researchers goal to coach a model with a whopping 175 billion parameters that’s additionally fluent in Nordic languages like Danish and Norwegian.

One among Sweden’s largest banks is already exploring use of the most recent GPT-SW3 variant for a chatbot and different purposes.

A Reminiscence Enhance

To construct huge AIs, Berzelius will add 34 NVIDIA DGX A100 methods to its cluster of 60 that make-up the SuperPOD. The brand new items will sport GPUs with 80GB of reminiscence every.

Anders Ynnerman with Sweden's Berzelius AI supercomputer
Ynnerman with Berzelius on the system’s March 2021 launch.

“Having actually fats nodes with massive reminiscence is vital for a few of these fashions,” Ynnerman stated. Atos, the system integrator, is offering “a really clean journey getting the entire course of arrange,” he added.

In search of a Remedy for Most cancers

In healthcare, a data-driven life sciences program, funded by the Wallenberg Basis, can be a serious Berzelius consumer. This system spans 10 universities and can, amongst different purposes, make use of AI to know protein folding, essentially vital to understanding illnesses like most cancers.

Others will use Berzelius to enhance detection of most cancers cells and navigate the large mounds of knowledge in human genomes.

Some researchers are exploring instruments comparable to NVIDIA Omniverse Avatar Cloud Engine and NVIDIA BotMaker to create animated sufferers. Powered by GPT-SW3, they might assist medical doctors observe telemedicine expertise.

Robots in Zero Gravity

Sweden’s work in picture and video recognition will get a lift from Berzelius. Such algorithms advance work on the autonomous methods utilized in trendy factories and warehouses.

One venture is exploring how autonomous methods act in area and undersea. It’s a subject near the center of a current addition to WASP, researcher Christer Fuglesang, who was named Sweden’s first astronaut in 1992.

Fuglesang went to the Worldwide Area Station in 2006 and 2008. Later, as a professor of physics at Sweden’s Royal Institute of Expertise, he collaborated with Ynnerman on reside reveals about life in area, offered within the WISDOME dome theater on the Visualization Middle C Ynnerman based and directs.

Because of his experience in visualization, “I can go to Mars each time I would like,” Ynnerman quipped.

He took NVIDIA founder and CEO Jensen Huang and Marcus Wallenberg — scion of Sweden’s main industrial household — on a tour of outer area on the dome to mark the Berzelius improve. The dome can present the Martian floor in 8K decision at 120 frames per second, because of its use of 12 NVIDIA Quadro RTX 8000 GPUs.

Inspiring the Subsequent Technology

Ynnerman’s algorithms have touched tens of millions who’ve seen visualizations of Egyptian mummies on the British Museum.

“That makes me much more proud than a few of my analysis papers as a result of many are younger folks we will encourage with a love for science and know-how,” he stated.

A ardour for science and know-how has attracted greater than 400 lively Ph.D. candidates up to now to WASP, which is on the way in which to exceeding its aim of 600 grads by 2031.

However even a visualization specialist can’t be in every single place. So Ynnerman’s pet venture will use AI to create a vibrant, digital museum information.

“I believe we will present extra folks a ‘wow’ expertise — I need a copilot after I’m navigating the universe,” he stated.

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